The island of Hvar is the queen of the Croatian islands. It has been famous since the antique because of its important strategic and nautical position, the rich of the various historical periods, the culture and natural monuments and the literature. Thanks to the mild climate, the warm winters and pleasant summers, Hvar receives many guests, scientists and travelers who are attracted by the dense Mediterranean nature, rich tradition and architecture and nightlife. While separation from the mainland can sometimes be a handicap, it also provides some protection from the factory chimneys and other misfortunes which come with civilization. Instead, there are vast fields of lavender, ancient olive trees and vineyards, in immaculate harmony between man and nature. The largest number of historical monuments of Hvar Island were built during the Venetian domination. In Stari Grad in the 16th century was built one of the architectural examples of a countryside residence on this side of the Adriatic Sea – Hektorovicev Tvrdalj. The town of Hvar as a whole is kind of a monument due to the size and layout of buildings mostly built of stone, among which should be set aside Cathedral of St. Stephen, which dominates the main square and the Spanish fort.